Selasa, 26 November 2013


C++ (pronounced see plus plus) is a programming language that is general purpose,statically typedfree-formmulti-paradigm and compiled. It is regarded as an intermediate-level language, as it comprises both high-level and low-level language features.[3]Developed by Bjarne Stroustrup starting in 1979 at Bell Labs, C++ was originally named C with Classes, adding object oriented features, such as classes, and other enhancements to the C programming language. The language was renamed C++ in 1983,[4] as a pun involving the increment operator.
C++ is one of the most popular programming languages[5][6] and is implemented on a wide variety of hardware and operating system platforms. As an efficient compiler to native code, its application domains include systems software, application software, device drivers, embedded software, high-performance server and client applications, and entertainment software such as video games.[7] Several groups provide both free and proprietary C++compiler software, including the GNU ProjectLLVMMicrosoft and Intel. C++ has greatly influenced many other popular programming languages, most notably C#[2] and Java.
The language began as enhancements to C, first adding classes, then virtual functions,operator overloadingmultiple inheritancetemplates and exception handling, among other features. After years of development, the C++ programming language standard was ratified in 1998 as ISO/IEC 14882:1998. The standard was amended by the 2003 technicalcorrigendumISO/IEC 14882:2003. The current standard extending C++ with new features was ratified and published by ISO in September 2011 as ISO/IEC 14882:2011 (informally known as C++11).[8]

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